The new year is here! Many people don’t like this time of year because the days are short and cold. The nights are long and linger. I LOVE this time of year. Are you kidding me? The animals sleep longer and this gives me the few months I need each year to plan and construct for the longer days ahead. Take advantage of this time and plan how you are going to increase your animal’s mind through enrichment and training. This is the time to build or plan those changes for the extended yard, the new enclosures, the aviaries! You better hurry, because this time won’t last long.
I train, enrich, and modify behavior concerns of animals professionally and on a daily basis. These bullet points are always on my mind. They may not be common to all, but this is a checklist I run through on a weekly basis whether here at the center, with clients, or when I consult with zoos or other animal organizations. Read each bullet point carefully. Each one will make a major difference with the animals you live with, care for, or keep. Feel free to contact me with questions. Enjoy and put your thinking cap on!
1 – Are my animals used to change? Stress within the household or the area in which the animals live, is one of the first things I look for on a daily basis and probably one of the most important on my list of behaviors to keep in balance. Balance is key in caring for animals. Stress can come in many forms for our animals. Do I understand what they look like? A screaming parrot? A barking dog? A squealing pig? Do I know what each of these behaviors mean within changing environments? This is an area often misunderstood with many animal lovers. If these areas are not understood, or not given attention, then these can develop into more serious behaviors. More serious behaviors are preventable and it happens with understanding these signs of stress.
2 – Are my animals used to learning something new? If I had to give one piece of advice that I think is the most important, it would be this one. “Learning something new” can come in many forms. Sitting as the front door opens. Engaging with a new toy. Looking to you for what to do next. The list goes on. If you can keep the animal used to learning something new, the more they will stay used to change. The more they are used to change, the quicker they adapt. The quicker they can adapt, the less behavior issues are likely to develop.
3 – Are my animals confident and independent? The above two points will help emphasize this question.
Are they confident? What does that mean? Do they stay calm with changing environments? Are they independent? Do they get stressed when left alone? Separation anxiety is one of the toughest behavior concerns I have ever dealt with. Separation anxiety can be extremely stressful on the animal and the caretaker. One of the biggest cases of separation anxiety I’ve dealt with, now lives with me. That is Rocky, our Moluccan cockatoo. Separation anxiety is not uncommon in animals. Dogs break teeth when crated. Animals can scream, bark, and squeal for hours. Sweating, vomiting, and unexplained defecation can be common, yet misunderstood signs. Separation anxiety can be changed. Most times it has to be on a maintenance plan. If not monitored, it can rear its ugly head again causing havoc on the animal, the household, and anyone taking care of the animal. This is why it is extremely important to empower the animal through training, enrichment, and behavior change plans. You can build the animal’s confidence in all of these areas. Do it!!!
4 – Am I proud of the behaviors I see in my animals when in the public eye? This isn’t always a ‘Yes’ with me. Sometimes I have to see the undesired behavior to realize “This needs addressed”. You can empower animals and build their confidence through training. I recently took Levi, our deaf dog to a pet store. It was just a quick trip to pick up a bag of treats. He walked loosely on the leash, did not bark at other dogs in the store, and sat when I asked him to sit. His body language looked comfortable and interested. He made me very proud. That was due to continued training, which is a great form of communication. I took Snow, our deaf and blind puppy out to deliver Christmas gifts with me today. I got her out of the Jeep to just stand while I was talking to a friend. She froze and wouldn’t move. I put her back in the Jeep and said “We have work to do”. Often times, I have to see the undesired behavior to know where I need to begin training and building the animal’s confidence. No one likes to see scared animals. That is a sad sight to see. People like seeing empowered, confident animals, eager to engage with their immediate environment. That’s a sign of a healthy companion or education animal.
5 – Do my animals engage with company? Do they bark, bite, grunt at the approach of someone new? These are signs of potential, future behavior issues. Do you see them? Most people will not take action in making sure these behaviors don’t escalate to the next tier of concern until the behavior issue is severe and causing the animal to be separated. Don’t wait for this to happen and save yourself a lot of preventable work.
6 – Will my animals turn away from me for the opportunity to engage in an enrichment item? I like it when I see an animal turn away from me to engage with an enrichment item. Studies show that if you are actually using positive reinforcement training, it is the animal’s preferred form of enrichment. I agree and see this all of the time. This can cause the animal to get excited and focused on you each time you come home or walk into the room. This is the importance of balance. When I see an animal turn from my interaction with it to engage with a toy independently, I know I’m doing a great job at preventing an overly-dependent animal.
7 – How strong is my line of communication with each animal? I train using positive reinforcement training and applications in behavior analysis because it is the strongest form of communication I have found with any animal, and I train a lot of animals. I train animals that could do serious bodily harm to me and whom are extremely fearful, but not limited to. I need my line of communication with them to be strong, especially if I am working in close proximity with them. I also work with several that live in peoples’ homes. When I ask an animal to do something, I always pay attention to how quick they do it. If they hesitate or don’t do it at all, my line of communication with them is not strong or as strong as it could be. When I am training an animal, I am building a relationship with that animal. Our training will make our relationship skyrocket in its potential. This is a feeling I love for me and especially for the animal, because it empowers them.
8 – Are my animals eager to engage with me? When I sit on the floor or walk in close proximity, I watch to see if they run or fly to me. If they do, I know I am doing a great job at being my animal’s “Deliverer of Awesomeness”. Seriously, if you are using these forms of interaction with the animals in your care, they want to be with you. Many times in the beginning stages of training, I have to use treats, but over time, the association of fun, play, treats, and attention are continuously associated with me making the animal wanting to be near or with me. Soon, the opportunity to be with me or engaging with me becomes the reinforcer of high value.
9 – Are my animals bored? Am I seeing my animals lying around a lot or perched and not interacting with their
environment? Are there toys lying around but not being interacted with? Are my birds spending 25% of their day preening or just perched there? These are indicators to me that I may need to begin switching things up a bit. Is their environment unchanging and predictable? Yea, they are probably getting bored. The beginning stages of observing boredom can prevent undesired behaviors from developing. Empowered animals seem to really enjoy and benefit from changing enclosures, enrichment, and routines. We try not to get stuck in routines around here because when those routines are broken, they can cause stress. When incorporating change, we make sure the animal is used to bullet point #1; are they used to change?
10 – Are we happy together? Define happy? Do I enjoy living with or interacting with this animal every day? Does the animal show it wants to engage with me? Do I have the time to provide this animal what it needs? Am I in this for the animal, not just for me? This animal’s future depends on this. If I have an unhappy animal, I have an animal probably beginning to display behavior concerns. If behavior concerns are not addressed, its a pretty sure bet that I’m not going to be happy nor are the others in the household. Undesired behaviors serve a purpose for that animal. Those behaviors are signs and communicators for the animal. Are we able to read them? If that animal can see, hear or smell you, you are training it. The key question is, “What are you training it?”
Keep this checklist tucked away for easy reference. Each check point can have major impact on the lives you live with the animals in your house or those you care for. Share it with someone you think may benefit from reading it. If you are interested in accomplishing this checklist weekly, take a look at enrolling in our Projects or Memberships; our fun and interactive live-streaming groups on animal behavior, training, and enrichment. Feel free to contact me with questions.
As a professional animal trainer and educator using approaches in Applied Behavior Analysis with any animal, I share many concerns in using force and coercion with any animal. I train a lot of zoo animals. Many of these animals could easily cause harm, whether intentional or unintentional.
The point is not that force and coercion work or not. They do or they would not exist. There are side effects to using them. Here I explain my concerns addressing the pig community and a method called Move The Pig that is being promoted. Move The Pig is when a person walks up and pushes a pig with their leg for no other reason but to show them who is in charge. Will it work? That seems like such an unclear line of communication. I receive so many e-mails for consultations from people now saying their pig charges them when they get near them. Sure they do. They don’t understand why or when your foot may be coming near them to force them to move and for what reason? They don’t understand the contingency! I would highly advise giving the MTP serious consideration before implementing it. It isn’t needed. There are other methods more effective for developing a clear line of communication with the pigs in your care.
Our live-stream pig training classes will begin next week. See our website and join our e-mail newsletter list to be notified.
Fearful pets are animals that need attention addressed to their behavior. The behavior serves a purpose for that animal and if you don’t pay attention to you, you may likely reinforce another undesired behavior. Karen Becker recently wrote an article on “What Your Vet Should Never Do If Your Pet Is Fearful”. A fearful animal can become a dangerous animal if its behaviors are not respected.
I work with a lot of undomesticated animals. A fearful animal can be a very dangerous animal. So how do we deal with this? In this article you will read her advice and her approach. Dr. Becker also shares a few training videos with different animals I work with and shows how I prepare an animal for a vet visit and veterinary exam. Click on the link above to read her article.
As a future veterinary behaviorist, I aspire to reach Lara's level of finesse, expertise, and thoughtfulness in every aspect of animal training and husbandry. She is truly in it for the animals."